Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue sparked a major controversy after India refuted the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had made a request in this regard. While the US government is trying to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue « bilateral » to « discuss India and Pakistan, » the focus has returned to previous « bilateral agreements, » including the 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement) signed by the prime ministers of India and Pakistan at the time. Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. for friendly relations between the two countries. If there has ever been a turning point in India`s relations with Pakistan, it was the moment when India brought Pakistan to its knees, which held more than 15,000 square kilometers of its territory and 93,000 of its soldiers – nearly a quarter of its army – as prisoners of war. It is curious why India so easily returned both. A former Indian diplomat, Sashanka Banerjee, provided an explanation when he said the decision to bring back Pakistani prisoners of war « was made to bring Sheikh Mujibur Rahman back to his country alive and well. » But that doesn`t sound right. The repatriation of Pakistani prisoners of war took place after the signing of the Delhi Accord, long after Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returned to Bangladesh in January 1972. The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi was opened in Simla at the appointed time. The Summit Conference was held from 28 June to 2 July 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the planned steps for the normalization of bilateral relations and to settle mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship in which it committed the two countries to refrain from the use of force in disputes, not to interfere in each other`s personal internal affairs, not to seek interference by third parties in the settlement of their differences and to refrain from opposing military alliances.

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