Since March, the EU and the UK have been pursuing regular rounds of negotiations, despite the difficulties related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The EU conducts its negotiations on the basis of the mutually agreed political declaration. However, significant differences are not yet resolved in some areas. These differences concern, in particular, fair competition, horizontal management of agreements and fisheries. EU and UK negotiators Michel Barnier and David Frost and their teams have stepped up their negotiations. The clock is ticking, because an agreement must be reached soon to have time to ratify it by the European Parliament. The European Council (within the « Article 50 » formation, i.e. excluding the United Kingdom), adopted guidelines for the negotiations which set out the EU`s positions and principles. Progress in negotiations on withdrawal from the European Union (March to May 2018)Withdrawal of eu Committee report, 24 May 2018Highlights issues to be solution in the negotiations, including customs arrangements, citizens` rights and the Irish border Brexit: Negotiations Update (March-June 2018)Commons Library research briefing, updated 20 June 2018Update on what the UK and EU have said about the negotiations since March 2018 and what is left to be agreed before June 2018 Progress in uk negotiations on withdrawal from the EUExiting the European Union Committee, 1 December 2017Deputation of issues relating to the Irish border, citizens` rights and the proposed implementation period in the Brexit negotiations The UK voted in a referendum on 23 June 2016 in favour of withdrawal from the EU. On 29 March 27, 2017, Theresa May, then British Prime Minister, wrote to the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, thus provoking Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, thus starting the process allowing an EU Member State to leave the Union. The procedure provided for in Article 50 provides for a period of two years for the negotiation of a Withdrawal Agreement which should take into account the future relationship between the EU and the outgoing Member State.

At the request of the United Kingdom, the article 50 deadline was finally extended to 31 January 2020. On 17 October 2019, the EU and the UK agreed on the text of a withdrawal agreement, unanimously approved by the European Council. The receipt of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from fresh to hostile and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes. 15 December 2017. The European Council confirmed that sufficient progress had been made in the first phase and set out the guidelines for the second phase of the negotiations. The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement on citizens` rights and the Brexit financial settlement. The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement.. . . .